If you are still a beginner at gardening, chances are you are still trying to understand the basics of this hobby. While most people are familiar with growing seeds, other plants do not use this propagation method. A good example is bulbs.
At first, they might seem mysterious. But, whether they are produce bulbs or flower bulbs, they all have the same gardening method. This article includes all that you need to know about planting bulbs.
What are bulbs?
A bulb is the part of the plant located at the base of the plant’s stem. This part stores energy while the plant stays dormant. A good way to imagine a bulb is like a giant plant seed that grows every year. The plant shoot is located in the centre of the bulb and is surrounded by fleshy scale layers. These layers are all connected by a compact stem called the basal plate located at the base of the plant.
A good example of a bulb is the onion. If you have ever cut one vertically, you will be able to see all these parts. A common misconception is that gardeners often classify corms, tuberous roots, tubers and rhizomes as bulbs. But, they are not true bulbs, even though they have similar planting methods.
Types of bulbs
There are mainly two types of bulbs, namely spring and summer bulbs. Below are their unique features.
As the name suggests, spring bulbs are bulbs that bloom in early spring. But because of this, they require to be in cold weather for a few weeks before they grow. That is why it would be best for you to plant them during fall so they can have some time to settle in before spring. Trim away the bulb foliage during summer or fall but do not touch the bulb.
Examples of these bulbs are tulips, daffodils and grape hyacinths.
Summer bulbs are much more delicate than spring bulbs since they cannot survive in the winter. They become tender when the ground freezes and begins to rot. That is why you should dig them before the first frost and store them in a cool, dry place. The ideal time to plant them is during spring. Examples are lily bulbs, Amaryllis and Gladiolus.
How to plant bulbs
While there may be different bulbs, they are pretty easy to plant once the weather conditions are right:
- You need to make sure that they can receive about six hours of sunlight, so choose a sunny area in your yard.
- Ensure that the soil is not soggy since it can easily rot if the soil is too wet.
- Dig about three inches and make sure that the pointy top is facing upward since that is the direction where the shoot will grow. Then cover.
- Water them immediately and water once a week for four weeks to encourage growth.
Gardening can be a wonderful hobby to learn, especially during this pandemic. It can be very calming while giving you good exercise. But you have to learn a few things about plants like what was discussed.
Remember, whether they are produce bulbs or flowering bulbs, they will have the same planting method. So, apply what you have read today and plant your first bulb in your garden.